Knossos was an important city in antiquity, the seat of King Minos and the capital of his state. The first important Minoan palace of Crete was built there. The choice of area was not random. Easy access to the sea and the whole interior of the island. Built between two rivers, Vlichia and Kairatos, on the hill of Kefalas within olive trees, vineyards and cypresses, with a significant edge from 1700 to 1450 BC, playing an important role with great development during the Hellenistic period.
The Minoans developed an incredibly high, for their time, millennial civilization. Their cities had palaces, sewers, roads and industry. Their daily life was intense, with great religious ceremonies and burial customs, while there were also big celebrations, which were accompanied by music, dancing and banquets.
They loved sports and lived in complete prosperity and security. They particularly developed murals, metalwork, stonework and ceramics. They were immersed in stamping, jewelry and small crafts.
Commercially they were dominant and the commercial activities were ruled by royalty and the merchants were King’s employees.
Their origin is said to have been common with the kings of Mycenae! According to Homer, Crete at that time was fivelingual, and served as passage of various people, a social feature on Multilingualism.
In ancient texts Crete is referred to as Kaftor, but old testament scholars also state that the island of Kafthor is Crete. The Egyptians called it “Keftiou” which comes from the name keptor (keptor) which means archer. The “land of archers”. The Cretans had a timeless reputation as the best archers.
One of the many and great achievements of that time, was to ensure the healthy coexistence of people in terms of engineering and architecture. The palace of Knossos around 1500 BC, had four floors and 1,500 rooms connected by countless corridors.
In a sense, they formed a labyrinth, which is inextricably linked to the myth of the Minotaur. The word “labyrinth” comes from the word “labyrs”, which means double axes and this was the emblem of Minos. They had created a complete network of baths and sewers with piping, where in some places they were up to 3.5 meters deep. Made of large slabs in a square cross section, it was a sewer, where it was connected to others using wooden connectors. While the smaller ones were made of stone and used ceramic pipes for the drain.
In the queen’s bath, she had a ceramic painted bathtub, ornately decorated, 1.5 meters long, which was located in the center of the room. While below it there was a hole, where the water fell and ended up in the sewer system. Right next to it we find the world’s first toilet with a “cistern”, where with a special pipe it poured cleaning water coming from a tank.
The palace of Knossos was the first, largest and most luxurious palace that ever existed.
It is worth noting that the island was inhabited at least 50,000 years ago and around 3000 BC. –New tribes appeared on the island and went down in history as Minoans. Minos was the name of the first king and soon became the absolute rulers of the Mediterranean. Other important Minoan cities with palaces, mansions and settlements were Phaistos, Malia, Archanes etc.
Minoan cities-ports, which functioned as control centers of their wider areas, with the most famous colony in the Cape of Thera, are found in Paros, Amorgos, Sifnos, Monemvasia, Sicily, also known as Heraklion, Palestine and… in Arabia!
The Cretans are teachers who gave their lights. Despite the catastrophic devastation of the volcano tsunami, population migration ensued. Brilliant cities were rebuilt and the arts and commerce flourished again. Unfortunately, it was leveled by a big earthquake and surrendered to the flames. The Minoans disappeared from history, those who survived merged with the invading Dorians and others migrated to the Middle East and other colonies as far away as India! Fascinating myths of the Labyrinth with the Minotaur and of Daedalus with Icarus are connected with the palace of Knossos and not only, which is worth exploring and revealing the absolute Greek beauty.