In ancient Greece the houses had mainly the entrance to the east side. The walls were made of mud and stones. In order to have stamina they used mud along with eggs and goat hair.
In some areas the houses were wooden, stone or even marble. In the palaces we can see up to five floors. In public buildings, the walls were lined with ceramic tiles similar to today’s.
For protected and natural air conditioning used, deciduous trees for winter on the north side and evergreen in summer for natural dew on the south side.
Usually above the southern doors they put roof windows with carefully designed size, calculated, so that in summer, the window prevents the sun from falling into the house, but in winter does not prevent the sun from heating the interior of the house. The vine, also, served very intelligently the thermal insulation of the house. The white colour contributed to minimize the heat in the summer, as well as the prevention of insects and especially the lime found in the Greek islands absorbed moisture.
Impressive was the water and sewerage system in ancient Greece. The water was transported in clay baked pipes from the aqueduct of the city and from there it was distributed to the houses.